3 Common Childhood Diseases

Asthma, Eczema and Patent Foramen Ovale (PFO) commonly occur in children that make many parents feel worried.

Patients with asthma are easily suffered from coughing, choking and wheezing when stimulated by foreign substances. In severe situation, patients may have difficulty in breathing and hence causing hypoxic damage to the brain. The eczematous skin lesion can easily become dry with redness, swelling and blisters, and lead to weeping skin, scab and desquamation and even bacterial infection. Asthma and Eczema can be caused by a variety of reasons, except genetic factor, dust mites, environment and weather conditions are also potential triggers. A good hygiene, a balanced diet and avoiding allergens are vital to reduce the risks for those illness attacks. Certain kids will heal on their own when they grow up. Apart from traditional medicine treatment, desensitisation therapy can also be considered.

The foramen ovale is a small hole between the right atrium and left atrium of the fetal heart, which allows oxygen-rich blood supplying from mother’s womb, it is supposed to naturally close soon after birth. Some cases may detected heart murmur in a result prior to their holes closing completely. If foramen ovale doesn’t close before three years old, the patients with PFO may have the higher risk of cerebral embolism and stroke. As PFO is a common phenomenon of newborns, please consult with your pediatrician if you have any concerns.

The content in this article is for reference only, it does not provide any professional diagnosis or treatment advice.